Ingress Protection and Vandal Resistance Ratings

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What do the IP and IK Ratings Mean for Security Cameras?

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The majority of home and business security camera systems are going to need some cameras to be mounted outside.  Before buying them you will want to check the Ingress Protection Rating on them.  This rating will tell you how well the camera will perform in the presence of solids and liquids.  An example of an Ingress Protection Rating is IP67, where the IP stands for Ingress Protection, the first numerical digit is the solids protection, and the second numerical digit is the liquids protection.  In this article we are going to break down the IP ratings and then cover the Impact Protection (IK) Ratings that are listed with our protective dome cameras.

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Ingress Protection Ratings

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As mentioned above, the IP rating will let you know if your camera is suitable for use outdoors or in a harsh environment.  The first numeral indicates the solids rating which is what size of an object can get through any openings, with a 0 being no protection and a 6 being “dust tight” where no dust can make it through.  See the table below for a complete breakdown of the solids rating.  With any security camera you want the solids protection number to be 6 so no dust can enter the camera.

Solids ValueSize of Object Protected FromProtected against
0Not ProtectedNot protected against any ingress of objects
1>50mmAny large surface of the body, like the hand
2>12.5mmFingers or similar objects
3>2.5mmTools, large diameter wires, etc.
4>1mmSmall wires, nails, screws, etc.
5Dust ProtectedDust can enter, but only small quantities
6Dust TightNo dust, complete protection

The second numeral is going to be how well the camera is protected against liquids.  The higher number the better.  For cameras that are being installed outside you will want this number to be at least a 6 or higher.  The majority of Montavue security cameras have a liquids rating of 7, making them ideal for outdoor use.  See the table below for the liquids protection ratings.

Liquids ValueMoisture Protected AgainstEffective Against
0Not protectedN/A
1Dripping WaterNo damage from dripping water
2Dripping water when tilted up to 15°No damage from dripping water when camera is tilted at an angle up to 15° from its regular postion
3Spraying waterWater falling as a spray at any angle up to 60° from the vertical shall have no harmful effect.
4Splashing waterWater splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effect.
5Water jets Water projected by a nozzle (6.3mm) against enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects.
6Powerful water jets Water projected in powerful jets (12.5mm nozzle) against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects.
7Immersion up to 1m Ingress of water in harmful quantity shall not be possible when the enclosure is immersed in water under defined conditions of pressure and time (up to 1 m of submersion).
8Immersion beyond 1m The equipment is suitable for continuous immersion in water under conditions which shall be specified by the manufacturer. Normally, this will mean that the equipment is hermetically sealed. However, with certain types of equipment, it can mean that water can enter but only in such a manner that it produces no harmful effects.

IP ratings range from IP00 to IP69K.  Any security camera you purchase should not have a rating below IP65.  The vast majority of Montavue cameras will have an IP67 rating (some of the PTZ cameras have an IP66 rating), making them well suited for outdoor use.  If you live in a harsh weather environment you will want to make sure that any outdoor cameras have a minimum rating of IP66 to ensure that they have a long life.  The table below summarizes the ratings from IP64 and up.

IP RatingSolids ProtectionLiquids Protection
IP64Protected from total dust ingress.Protected from water spray from any direction.
IP65Protected from total dust ingress.Protected from low pressure water jets from any direction.
IP66Protected from total dust ingress.Protected from high pressure water jets from any direction.
IP67Protected from total dust ingress.Protected from immersion between 15 centimeters and 1 meter in depth.
IP68Protected from total dust ingress.Protected from long term immersion up to a specified pressure.
IP69KProtected from total dust ingress.Protected from steam-jet cleaning.

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Impact Protection Rating

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The other rating that we are going to discuss is the Impact Protection (IK) Rating.  The IK Rating is defined as the “Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against external mechanical impacts."  It is basically how hard something can be hit before it breaks.  The IK rating ranges from IK00 to IK10, with IK10 being the most resistant to impact.  This rating only applies to cameras with a protective dome cover.  These cameras are specifically designed to be difficult to damage, making them ideal for any location where the cameras are at risk of being impacted by anything.  The majority of the protective dome cameras we offer have an IK10 rating (the MTZ2030-IR has IK08), adding an extra layer of protection to your security camera system.  The table below shows a breakdown of all the IK ratings.

IK RatingDegree of Protection
IK00Not protected
IK01Protected against 0.14 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 0.25 kg mass dropped from 56 mm above impacted surface.
IK02Protected against 0.2 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 0.25 kg mass dropped from 80 mm above impacted surface.
IK03Protected against 0.35 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 0.25 kg mass dropped from 140 mm above impacted surface.
IK04Protected against 0.5 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 0.25 kg mass dropped from 200 mm above impacted surface.
IK05Protected against 0.7 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 0.25 kg mass dropped from 280 mm above impacted surface.
IK06Protected against 1 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 0.25 kg mass dropped from 400 mm above impacted surface.
IK07 Protected against 2 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 0.5 kg mass dropped from 400 mm above impacted surface.
IK08 Protected against 5 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 1.7 kg mass dropped from 300 mm above impacted surface.
IK09 Protected against 10 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 5 kg mass dropped from 200 mm above impacted surface.
IK10Protected against 20 joules impact.
Equivalent to impact of 5 kg mass dropped from 400 mm above impacted surface.

As we mentioned, if you are going to be installing cameras outdoors or in any environment with dust or moisture you will want to check the IP rating to make sure the camera can handle it.  If the camera location puts it at risk of being impacted by anything, double check that it has a higher IK rating.  If you have any questions about these ratings or need any advice about which cameras will work best for you, feel free to call or message our team of security experts.

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